GRAMMAR


Verb Tenses - Past Tense

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HOW TO FORM IT: Verbs can be regular or irregular. For regular verbs, take the base of the verb (walk, jump, etc) and add -ed or -d. For irregular verbs, there is no single rule to follow. Unfortunately, that means you'll have to memorize the correct past tense and part particle for these irregular verbs.

Some irregular verbs are the same for present, past and the past participle (example: cost - cost - cost). Others require a vowel change (grind - ground - ground). Others involve a consonant and a vowel change (creep - crept - crept). Note that sometimes the past tense and past participle will be the same (example: bring - brought - brought) and sometimes it will be different (drive - drove - driven). When studying irregular verbs, be sure to memorize the past tense and the past participle.

Use the irregular verb chart below to help you study the most common irregular verbs. You can also check out the irregular verbs Language Wheels offered by Language Success Press. These are paper wheels that you spin to practice various forms of the irregular verbs.

THE BIG PICTURE: Use the past tense for:

  1. An action or a series of actions started and finished in the past. Example: Susan did her homework and then went to her friend Nancy's house.
  2. A duration that started and finished in the past. Example: Kim attended Harvard for three years.


Irregular Verbs - Handy Chart

Most Common Irregular Verbs

Present Tense

Past Tense

Past Participle

 

be

was, were

been

beat

beat

beaten

become

became

become

begin

began

begun

bend

bent

bent

bite

bit

bitten

bleed

bled

bled

blow

blew

blown

break

broke

broken

bring

brought

brought

build

built

built

burst

burst

burst

buy

bought

bought

catch

caught

caught

choose

chose

chosen

come

came

come

cost

cost

cost

creep

crept

crept

cut

cut

cut

deal

dealt

dealt

dig

dug

dug

do

did

done

draw

drew

drawn

drink

drank

drunk

drive

drove

driven

eat

ate

eaten

fall

fell

fallen

feed

fed

fed

feel

felt

felt

fight

fought

fought

find

found

found

flee

fled

fled

fly

flew

flown

forbid

forbade

forbidden

forget

forgot

forgotten

forgive

forgave

forgiven

freeze

froze

frozen

get

got

gotten

give

gave

given

go

went

gone

grind

ground

ground

grow

grew

grown

hang

hung

hung

have

had

had

hear

heard

heard

hide

hid

hidden

hit

hit

hit

hold

held

held

hurt

hurt

hurt

keep

kept

kept

know

knew

known

lay

laid

laid

lead

led

led

leave

left

left

lend

lent

lent

let

let

let

lie

lay

lain

light

lit

lit

lose

lost

lost

make

made

made

meet

met

met

mistake

mistook

mistaken

oversleep

overslept

overslept

pay

paid

paid

put

put

put

quit

quit

quit

read

read

read

ride

rode

ridden

ring

rang

rung

rise

rose

risen

run

ran

run

say

said

said

see

saw

seen

seek

sought

sought

sell

sold

sold

send

sent

sent

shake

shook

shaken

shine

shone

shone

shoot

shot

shot

shrink

shrank

shrunk

shut

shut

shut

sing

sang

sung

sit

sat

sat

sleep

slept

slept

slide

slid

slid

speak

spoke

spoken

spend

spent

spent

spin

spun

spun

split

split

split

spring

sprang

sprung

stand

stood

stood

steal

stole

stolen

stick

stuck

stuck

sting

stung

stung

strike

struck

stricken

swear

swore

sworn

sweep

swept

swept

swim

swam

swum

swing

swung

swung

take

took

taken

teach

taught

taught

tear

tore

torn

tell

told

told

think

thought

thought

throw

threw

thrown

understand

understood

understood

wake

woke

woken

wear

wore

worn

win

won

won

wind

wound

wound

write

wrote

written

 

   
 
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