How to form it: (has/have) + (past participle)
Examples: She has spoken, We have seen
THE BIG PICTURE: This is one of the most confusing tenses in English. It links the past to the present day. Use it to:
- Talk about actions or conditions that started in the past and continue to the present. The condition is still true to this day.
Example 1: The Smiths have lived in the same house since 1975.
Example 2: Mike has been a fan of The Rolling Stones for many years.
Example 3: Jane has had the flu since last Monday.
- Talk about actions or states that occurred at an unspecified time (or multiple times) in the past. An unspecified time is signaled by such words and phrases as: in the past, never, ever, many times, so far.
Example 1: Iíve been to Prague many times.
Example 2: So far this year, weíve had twelve snow days at our school.
- Talk about experiences or conditions.
Example 1: Susan has never been to Iceland.
Example 2: Have you ever seen a panda bear? - No, Iíve never seen one.
- Emphasize change over time.
Example 1: Youíve grown several inches since I saw you last.
Example 2: Have you seen any good movies since we last spoke?