How to form it: (has/have) + (been) + (verb+ing)
THE BIG PICTURE: This tense links the past to the present day. An action or state began in the past and continues until now. Use it to:
1) Talk about actions or conditions that started in the past and actively continue in the present. You will often see this with “for” and “since” clauses.
Example 1: We’ve been working on this project since last Thursday.
Example 2: He’s been talking about opening up his own coffee house for a long time.
2) Conditions or activities that started in the recent past and continue until now.
Example 1: Lately, Jane has been waking up early.
Example 2: I’ve been working hard all day